- Many types of heating and air conditioning systems contain filters to remove dirt and dust from the air. Check the instruction book or search online by model number: In many cases, the home owner should change filters at least every three months.
- It’s also a good idea to clean your faucet’s aerator — which is the spring inside the end of the faucet — every three to four months.
- To maintain your garbage disposal, you should run cold water through it during use.
- When you’re ready to use your fireplace, be sure to build the fire on the andirons or grate, never on the fireplace floor.
- To prevent soot and to add color to the fire, throw in a handful of salt.
- Store your firewood outside, away from the house and not directly on the ground.
- Have a CSIA-Certified chimney sweep inspect your chimney and fireplace annually, especially if you build a lot of fires in the winter.
- To maintain unpainted concrete floors in your basement or garage, first apply a concrete sealer, which makes them easier to clean. When you’re ready to clean them, use a solution of four to six tablespoons of washing soda in a gallon of hot water. Add scouring powder to the solution for tough jobs.
- For hardwood, be sure the floors have a polyurethane finish before cleaning with water. Hardwood floors that do not have a polyurethane finish will need to be waxed periodically. Use liquid or paste “spirit” wax.
- The best polish for vinyl floors in water emulsion wax.
- Masonry walls sometimes develop a white powdery substance. This is called efflorescence, a crystallized soluble salt that can be removed by scrubbing with water and a stiff brush.
Safety and Security
- If you have a home security system, regularly check the alarms and circuit breakers to ensure they are in working order. Inspect the sensors one by one.
- The batteries in your smoke and carbon monoxide detectors should also be checked twice a year to ensure they are operable. Hard-wired and battery-powered detectors should be replaced every 10 years.